SAP was originally developed as an enterprise application-software package that was attractive to very large manufacturing companies. As the number of companies adopting SAP began to grow, a number of smaller companies in many different industries came to believe that SAP was the product that could give them a competitive advantage.
Many of these companies required just the core of SAP functionality. That usually comprises FI, MM,SD, and PP. Often companies would start their implementations with this core functionality and then on the second hand and third phases of their implementations they would introduce functionality such as CO, WM, HR,etc.
With the advent of distributed client–server computing SAP AG brought out a client–server version of the software called SAP R/3 (the “R” was for “Real-time data processing” and “3” was for “3-tier”: 1) database, 2) application server, and 3) client (SAPgui)). This new architecture is compatible with multiple platforms and operating systems, such as Microsoft Windows or UNIX. This opened up SAP to a whole new customer base.
SAP R/3 was officially launched on 6 July 1992. Various releases of the software were made through the 90s.
A newer version of the software, with new architecture, was released in 2003–2004, renamed as SAP ERP. ECC is a version name for SAP ERP,(ERP Central Component). Other SAP Implementations can be customized products can function on the central component. SAP came to dominate the large business applications market over the next 10 years. SAP ECC 5.0 ERP is the successor of SAP R/3 4.70. The newest version of the suite is SAP ERP 6.0, Enhancement Pack 7.
Here is the complete list of SAP release version:
SAP release versions:SAP R/1, System RF: 1972
SAP R/2, ran on a mainframe architecture: 1979
SAP R/3 Enterprise Edition 1.0 A: July 1992
SAP R/3 Enterprise Edition 2.0: 1993
SAP R/3 Enterprise Edition 3.0: 1995
SAP R/3 Enterprise Edition 4.0 B: June 1998
SAP R/3 Enterprise Edition 4.3
SAP R/3 Enterprise Edition 4.5 B: March 1999
SAP R/3 Enterprise Edition 4.6 C: April 2001
SAP R/3 Enterprise Edition 4.6 F
SAP R/3 Enterprise Release 4.70: March–December 2003
SAP R/3 Enterprise Edition 4.7
SAP R/3 Enterprise Central Component (ECC) 5.0: 2004
SAP R/3 Enterprise Central Component (ECC) 6.0: October 2005 – June 2006
SAP ERP 6.0: Enhancement Packages (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7)
SAP S/4 HANA
As SAP develops more extensive solutions and tools for its customers, Material Management continues to be an important part of foundation on which subsequent functionality is built.